Prostate cancer: Six warning symptoms to spot indicating the cancer has spread
Prostate cancer symptoms begin the moment the cancer grows near the urethra (the tube wee passes through). What are the main signs indicating the cancer has spread?
According to Prostate Cancer UK, other signs the cancer has spread may include:
- Bowel problems
- Sexual problems
- High calcium levels (hypercalcaemia) – symptoms can include tiredness, feeling and being sick (nausea and vomiting) and difficulty emptying your bowels (constipation)
- Low red blood cell levels (anaemia)
- Metastatic spinal cord compression (MSCC)
- Eating problems and weight loss.
Survival for prostate cancer is strongly related to the stage of the disease at diagnosis so it is imperative to act on the warning signs if and when they appear.
“If you have symptoms that could be caused by prostate cancer, you should visit a GP,” advises the NHS.
As the health body explains, there’s no single, definitive test for prostate cancer.
The GP will discuss the pros and cons of the various tests with you to try to avoid unnecessary anxiety.
Who’s at risk
It’s not known exactly what causes prostate cancer, although a number of things can increase your risk of developing the condition.
The most obvious risk factor is age – prostate cancer is most common in men aged 75 to 79 years, according to Cancer Research UK.
Your ethnicity may also determine your risk of developing prostate cancer.
As Cancer Research UK reports, prostate cancer is more common in black-African men than white men. It is least common in Asian men.
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